David Ruther, a Missouri native, stores mainly photos on his Galaxy tablet. David travels 15,000 miles on his bike a year to visit his granddaughter and has been homeless since he lost his job as a machinist. He takes photos around Venice and L.A. of anything that interests him. 

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David Ruther, Venice Beach, California.

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David keeps an iPod Shuffle MP3 clipped to his jacket every day.

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David Ruther, Venice Beach, California.

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David Ruther on his Galaxy tablet, Venice Beach, California.

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David holds out his iPod Shuffle MP3 player he keeps clipped onto his jacket every day.

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David Ruther on his Galaxy tablet, Venice Beach, California.

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Anastasia, 48, a former Vogue and Cosmopolitan fashion model, lives on $940 a month from social security in Venice Beach in her van. Her most prized possessions are her 3 dogs, her iPhone, her computer and her van. Anastasia is on the internet almost 24/7 to search for jobs and stay entertained. 

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Anastasia, stands outside her van, Venice Beach, California.

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Anastasia, Venice Beach, California.

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Anastasia, her dog, and iPhone, Venice Beach, 2013.

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Anastasia, Venice Beach, 2013.

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Anastasia sits on top of her van with her iPhone and small dog she named Mommy in the parking lot at Venice Beach.

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Anastasia, her dog, and iPhone, Venice Beach, 2013.

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Anastasia, her dogs, and iPhone, Venice Beach, 2013.

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Chuck uses solar panels and a generator to charge his cell phone and DVD player.

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Chuck poses for a portrait outside his van in Culver City, California.

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Chuck sitting inside his van. Culver City, California, 2013.

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Chuck, 72, plays with his cat, Jai, who he attaches to a leash every day so he doesn’t run away.

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Chuck talks about a job he once had as a former portrait photographer in the army.

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Chuck and his cat Jai watch documentary movies on his 32” flat screen TV in the back of his van. Chuck named his cat Jai after an ancient Greek name meaning “victory”. Jai lives in a small space above Chuck’s bed. He is the third cat he has had in the past 5 years. 

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Chuck’s Volkswagon van he has owned and lived out of for 28 years. Most days he parks in the same parking lot. Culver City, California, 2013.

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The back of Chuck’s van with his 32 inch flat screen TV he calls his very own “IMAX”.

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Chuck. Culver City, California, 2013.

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Chuck holding his cat, Jai, outside his van. Culver City, California, 2013.

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Chuck showing his solar panel outside his van, 2013.

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Chuck and Jai, 2013.

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James Mathers dresses in green suspenders, wears a hat over a red bandana, and lives in the great outdoors of Malibu, California. He’s an artist, a father, a handyman, and has the option to stay in an apartment but chooses to live with less and outside with nature. He charges his smartphone in his van which he parks on the closest road within walking distance and keeps a blanket stashed in the same outside grassy location each night where he sleeps. 2015.

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James watches the news on his smartphone every day. He charges his phone in his van which he parks on the closest road within walking distance and keeps a blanket stashed in the same outside grassy location each night where he sleeps.

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James Mathers posing for a portrait wearing his typical hat over a red bandana where he lives in the great outdoors of Malibu, California, 2015.

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James Mathers posing for a portrait wearing his typical hat over a red bandana where he lives in the great outdoors of Malibu, California, 2015.

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James Mathers sits on a blanket and looks at his phone where he sleeps in the woods near Malibu, California, 2015.

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James Mathers sits on a blanket where he sleeps in the woods near Malibu, California, 2015.

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David Busch, a homeless activist for over 20 years, sits at his favorite cafe, Pier 212, in Santa Monica California, 2013.

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David Busch, a homeless activist for over 20 years, looks for an outlet to plug his laptop in at his favorite cafe, Pier 212, in Santa Monica California, 2013.

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David gathers his laptop and all the cords to work outside the cafe.

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David Busch, a homeless activist for over 20 years, at his favorite cafe, Pier 212, in Santa Monica California, 2013.

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David Busch, a homeless activist for over 20 years, sits at his favorite cafe, Pier 212, in Santa Monica California, 2013.

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David Busch, a homeless activist for over 20 years, at his favorite cafe, Pier 212, in Santa Monica California, 2013.

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Jay and Catharine read text messages on their smartphones from their son in a beach parking lot in San Francisco, California. Jay and Catharine met in New Orleans 35 years ago and have been living in a wooden cab Jay constructed himself and affixed to the top of their orange pickup truck. For the past year they have been traveling, cooking, sleeping, and making tie-dye clothes out of their vehicle hoping to stop in all 48 states. Their main source of income is from social security but because their cost of living is so low, they don't need much to survive day-to-day. If they run out of money, or have an unexpected vehicle repair, they apply for simple side jobs wherever they land.

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Jay and Catharine make coffee outside in the beach parking lot in San Francisco, California 2015.

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Jay and Catharine outside in the beach parking lot in San Francisco, California 2015.

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Jay and Catharine outside in the beach parking lot in San Francisco, California 2015.

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Jay and Catharine outside in the beach parking lot in San Francisco, California 2015.

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Kerry Embrey and her boyfriend Jonathan Simpson are homeless with a 6-year-old daughter. They attend the "Occupy Venice’s Sleepout" as a couple to help raise awareness, Venice, California, 2013.

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Kerry Embrey holds up her cell phone in Venice, California. 

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Anne Marie Kirby makes a brief call on her cell phone at the Venice Occupy Campout. About 100 homeless and

non-homeless guest participants came out to raise awareness for the homeless.

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Matthew Cizek, a homeless man from downtown LA’s skid row supports the homeless population in Venice. As the evening started, many gathered together listening to music on their speakers and phones. Matthew winds down his evening playing music for himself and his friends. He picks music on his iPad in his tent, playing his favorite dub step and IDM, “intelligent dance music”, from his state-of-the-art Bose speakers. When he charges his iPad outside, he uses a camouflage scarf to conceal his iPad while it charges on public outlets—usually at LA’s downtown library.

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Michael Nash uses his smartphone to book gigs as a musician, Hollywood, California, 2013.

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Michael holds his smartphone up, Hollywood, California, 2013

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Peter Israel, the technological guru of the boardwalk, charges his iPod with solar panels he made himself out of found materials, Venice Beach, 2013.

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Peter Israel, the technological guru of the boardwalk, trims his beard underneath his makeshift home, Venice Beach, 2013.

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Peter Israel, the technological guru of the boardwalk, charges his iPod with solar panels he made himself out of found materials, Venice Beach, 2013.

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Peter Israel, the technological guru of the boardwalk, charges his iPod with solar panels he made himself out of found materials, Venice Beach, 2013.

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Peter holds up his iPod cord, Venice Beach, Ca.

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Peter holds up a portable charger under his makeshift house he set up using an umbrella on the lawn next to the famous Venice Beach Boardwalk. 

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Peter Israel obsessively cleans the chords to all of his devices daily with rubbing alcohol. He says, “It’s a full time job to be homeless because you need to make sure you are constantly cleaning and disinfecting your belongings in order to avoid infections and mold”.

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"Squid", a large scale custom aquarium installer, lives aboard his 27ft Catalina sailboat in Marina Del Rey, California. He has four chihuahua dogs, a macaw, and a stingray he keeps as a pet in a large net in the water next to his boat. Since his boat is connected to shore power, he is able to watch T.V. inside his boat.

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"Squid", a large scale custom aquarium installer, lives aboard his 27ft Catalina sailboat in Marina Del Rey, California. He has four chihuahua dogs, a macaw, and a stingray he keeps as a pet in a large net in the water next to his boat. Since his boat is connected to shore power, he is able to watch T.V. inside his boat.

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"Squid", a large scale custom aquarium installer, lives aboard his 27ft Catalina sailboat in Marina Del Rey, California. He has four chihuahua dogs, a macaw, and a stingray he keeps as a pet in a large net in the water next to his boat. Since his boat is connected to shore power, he is able to watch T.V. inside his boat.
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"Squid", a large scale custom aquarium installer, lives aboard his 27ft Catalina sailboat in Marina Del Rey, California. He has four chihuahua dogs, a macaw, and a stingray he keeps as a pet in a large net in the water next to his boat. Since his boat is connected to shore power, he is able to watch T.V. inside his boat.

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Joe Wallo, 25, and Jon McCormick, 28, homeless on the streets for only a few months, lay their blankets and pillows out on 3rd Street across from Gold’s Gym in Venice, CA. Their neighbor, Joel Godino, 59, has been rolling out his sleeping bag next to the two boys for 3 weeks.

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Joe Wallo, 25, and Jon McCormick, 28, homeless on the streets for only a few months, text friends and play games on their cell phones on their blankets and pillows on 3rd Street across from Gold’s Gym in Venice, CA.

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Joe and Jon keep themselves entertained every night under the streetlights with their cell phones and DVD players. Joe finds it surprisingly easy to date girls online being homeless when his answer to the question, “Where do you live?” is conveniently “down the street” every time.

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Joe Wallo, 25, and Jon McCormick, 28, homeless on the streets for only a few months, sit on their blankets and pillows and keep themselves entertained every night under the streetlights with their cell phones and DVD players.

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Joe Wallo, 25, and Jon McCormick, 28, homeless on the streets for only a few months, sit on their blankets and pillows and keep themselves entertained every night under the streetlights with their cell phones and DVD players.

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Joe Wallo, 25, and Jon McCormick, 28, homeless on the streets for only a few months, sit on their blankets and pillows and keep themselves entertained every night under the streetlights with their cell phones and DVD players.

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Joe Wallo, 25, and Jon McCormick, 28, homeless on the streets for only a few months, text friends and play games on their cell phones on their blankets and pillows on 3rd Street across from Gold’s Gym in Venice, CA.

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Peter*, 23, decided to pack up and move out of his parent’s home in Michigan to be homeless in Venice Beach. He has $40,000 in the bank he is not touching because he is trying a“simple lifestyle”. He owns a Galaxy S smartphone and uses it to stay in touch with friends.

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Zach Lucas uses a HTC android smartphone as he travels.

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Mickey Thomas, 25, sleeps at the corner of 3rd street and Sunset in Venice Beach. Originally from Washington, Mickey has been homeless in Los Angeles for over a year but has only slept on this corner for 5 months. He owns an ipad tablet, which he uses mainly to play Zelda and listen to music. He has over 1,000 songs stored and uses it between 4-12 hours a day. To charge it, he goes to the library or McDonald’s where he uses their Wifi to pick up new music he likes on the radio and then downloads it on his tablet so he can listen to it later.

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Xzavier Long, newly homeless after recently getting released from prison, charges his smartphone and iPod while sending out his resume from his laptop at the same time, Hollywood, California, 2013.

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Gnomeo and his friend Bailey rest up behind the dog park in Venice.

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Gnomeo, 24, owns an android LG smartphone. He also has a gameboy that he plays with frequently.

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Marc Sulprizid, 20, travelled to Venice from his hometown of Weymouth, Massachusetts. He uses his iPod Touch and Google maps to figure out his route and his next sleeping spot as he travels and makes a little bit of money for food by playing his guitar.

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Marc Sulprizid, 20, travelled to Venice from his hometown of Weymouth, Massachusetts. He uses his iPod Touch and Google maps to figure out his route and his next sleeping spot as he travels and makes a little bit of money for food by playing his guitar.

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Marc Sulprizid, 20, travelled to Venice from his hometown of Weymouth, Massachusetts. He uses his iPod Touch and Google maps to figure out his route and his next sleeping spot as he travels and makes a little bit of money for food by playing his guitar.

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“Cloudy", Brittani, “Pig Pen” and Ken pose for a picture outside their van on Ocean Avenue in Venice.

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The center console in “Cloudy", Brittani, “Pig Pen's" van.

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Brittani gets dry from the rain in Venice Beach, California.

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"Pig Pen" and Brittani pose outside their van in Venice Beach, California.

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Ken, 42, joins his friends and their van to escape the rain for a few hours since he has been living on the streets for 15 years.

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Ken, 42, joins his friends and their van to escape the rain for a few hours since he has been living on the streets for 15 years.

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“Cloudy” and Brittani resort back to their van to escape the rain. “Cloudy” keeps his smartphone by his side at all times even when the battery is dead.

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"Cloudy", "Pig Pen", and Brittani play a card game in the back of their van while they wait for it to stop raining in Venice Beach, California.

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"Cloudy" holds up his smartphone on the Venice Beach boardwalk.
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Brittani's holds up her cell phone, 2013.

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"Cloudy" holds up his smartphone on the Venice Beach boardwalk.

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"Cloudy" holds up his smartphone on the Venice Beach boardwalk.

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Ken holds up his cell phone on the Venice Beach boardwalk.

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Travellers find it’s easier to ask for gas rather than panhandle for money when they are on the road.

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Steve* stands outside during the "Occupy Venice’s Sleepout" on this cell phone.

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Steve* holding his cell phone.

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Paul Doerer, 45, formerly an IT technician, packs up his bike, where he stores all of his personal belongings and sleeping necessities to find a place to charge his laptop and cell phone along the beach.

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Paul Doerer, 45, formerly an IT technician, explains the importance of his solar wind up radio, Venice Beach, California, 2014.

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Paul's solar wind up radio, Venice Beach, California, 2014.

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Paul downloads podcasts off the internet every day to keep himself entertained.

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Paul rides up the coast to charge his laptop and cell phone.

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Paul figured out the perfect place to charge all of his devices without having to leave the ocean front, Malibu, California, 2014.

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Paul figured out the perfect place to work and charge all of his devices without having to leave the ocean front, Malibu, California, 2014.
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Rick Jenkins, 44, keeps a Nokia pay-as-you-go phone with him as he travels mainly for emergencies. 

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Rick Jenkins, 44, holds a video recorder he found in the garbage, Venice Beach, 2013.

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Rick Jenkins, 44, keeps a Nokia pay-as-you-go phone with him as he travels mainly for emergencies. 

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Rick Jenkins, 44, keeps a Nokia pay-as-you-go phone with him as he travels mainly for emergencies.

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Timothy Anderson stands outside with his laptop and DVD player he stores in a found shopping cart with the rest of his belongings, Hollywood, California, 2013.

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Timothy Anderson stands outside with his laptop and DVD player he stores in a found shopping cart with the rest of his belongings, Hollywood, California, 2013.

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Timothy Anderson stands outside with his laptop and DVD player he stores in a found shopping cart with the rest of his belongings, Hollywood, California, 2013.

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Timothy Anderson sits outside with his DVD player he stores in a found shopping cart with the rest of his belongings, Hollywood, California, 2013.

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Josh has been homeless for about three years and relies heavily on his Android LG smartphone to stay connected with friends and to find work when he can.

He lives on the streets of San Francisco and looks for quiet, dark nooks and crannies to lay his sleeping bag at night, 2013. 

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Josh dunks a cookie into his milk while sending a text to one of his friends on Haight- Ashbury. Josh will stop in at the homeless drop-in centers for necessities like food and soap, San Francisco, 2013.

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Josh calls himself an “urban camper” because he finds new places to lay his sleeping bag on the streets of San Francisco every night, 2013.

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Cassandra holds her hair back to reveal the music note tattoos behind her ear; She considers music to be one of the most important things in her life.

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Cassandra uses her Samsung keyboard cell phone almost every day to listen to music and keep in touch with her friends.

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Cassandra logs onto a 15 minute “express” internet computer to talk to her friends on Facebook at the Park Branch library on Page street in San Francisco, 2013.

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Cassandra warns her friend on Facebook Chat that her time is running out on the Library’s computer and will talk to her after logging back in.

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Cassandra tattooed “words” on her left wrist to remind her how important words are in listening, speaking, and communicating. On January 18th, she posted the Beatles lyrics, “Speaking words of wisdom, let it be” as her Facebook status, 2013.

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Maria Felix wears a Sony battery powered AM/FM radio around her neck everyday to listen to Spanish radio while she sews clothing and small blankets for her stuffed animals she keeps with her, 2013.

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Maria and Joseph sit in their makeshift home together listening to Spanish radio from the battery powered AM/FM radio Maria wears around her neck. They do not have a phone for communication and if their son and his three kids want to visit, they can usually guess where they will be. If necessary, Maria will use the public pay phones across the street, but she says the city is slowly removing them and may be forced to get a cell phone.

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Maria Felix and her husband, Saint Joseph, have been homeless on the streets of San Francisco for 5 years. Maria pulls yarn from her belongings

to make a small sleeping bag for her stuffed animal moose. 

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Amber, 23, homeless in San Francisco for four years, hangs out and listens to music with friends at the Golden Gate Park, 2014.

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Amber, 23, homeless in San Francisco for four years, hangs out and listens to music with friends at the Golden Gate Park, 2014.

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Amber takes a break from her “interpretive hoop dancing” to change the song on her iPod Nano at the Golden Gate Park in San Francisco, 2014.

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Amber, 23, homeless in San Francisco for four years, hangs out and listens to music with friends at the Golden Gate Park, 2014.

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Amber leans over to kiss her white pitbull that has not left her side since she has been homeless, Golden Gate Park, San Francisco, 2014.

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